Obstructive Sleep Apnea versus Central Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is when the airwaybecomes narrowed or obstructed and you're making the effort to breathe but we do notsee any flow in air movement coming from your nose or mouth. Where central sleep apnea occurswhere your brain forgets to tell your body to breathe. If we're looking at it from avery simplistic term and so we do not see the drive to breathe. So the first step isto come into the and be seen by one of our physicians in the sleep medicine .We'll go through a questionnaire and try to determine what risk factors we think you havefor sleep apnea such as obesity, snoring, daytime sleepiness and then if we think thatyou have a high risk for meeting those criteria
then we would set you up for a sleep studyeither in your home to do an overnight sleep study or in our laboratory, depending on yoursituation. The CPAP can be used to treat both conditions and, in some patients, that isenough. However, there are some patients that have more complex types of central sleep apneathat require more complicated types of machines to treat that condition. Obstructive sleepapnea actually has been linked to a lot of other problems such as high blood pressureand then, you know, difficulty functioning during the day. If it goes untreated for along period of time there's an increased risk of early heart problems and those types ofthings.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
MUSIC Obstructive sleep apnea. 30 million Americans may sufferfrom obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. It is more common thanadult diabetes and asthma, affecting 24% of men and 9% of women between the agesof 30 to 60 years of age. OSA is even more commonin overweight people and
persons older than60 years of age. It is a major risk factor for the development ofcardiovascular disease. Studies show that 80%of difficult to control hypertension, 50% ofcongestive heart failure, and 60% of strokes are relatedto undiagnosed OSA. Apnea means without breath, ifyou have obstructed sleep apnea you literally stop breathingwhile you're asleep.
The apnea can last fora few seconds to a minute or more, as many as 100 oftimes during the night. Forms of sleep apnea includeobstructive, central and mixed with obstructivebeing the most common type. OSA prevents you from reachingdeep stages of sleep, which the body needs to rest andreplenish itself. Causes ofObstructive Sleep Apnea. Even though the exact causeof OSA remains unclear,
the sleep disorderfollows a pattern. During the day muscles keepthe airway passages wide open. When a person withOSA falls asleep, these muscles relax to a pointwhere the airway collapses and causes a breathing pause. These breathing pauses occurbecause of a blockage in the upper airway. Usually when the soft tissuein the upper airway or
rear of the throat collapses. When the airway closes,breathing stops and the sleeper wakes upto open the airway. The sleeper thenreturns to sleep and the breathing pauseoccurs again. This pattern is repeated untilyou wake up for the day. Symptoms ofObstructive Sleep Apnea. OSA is most commonlyseen in overweight
people with loud snoring,breathing pauses, usually noticed by the bedpartner, daytime sleepiness, thrashing around in bed,morning headaches, a dry mouth in the morning, andgasping for breath at night. Loud snoring and daytime sleepiness are the mostcommon of these complaints. Other symptoms of OSAinclude memory problems, as well as difficultyconcentrating and thinking.