Can Treating Sleep Apnea Cure Pulmonary Hypertension

Snoring Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Treatment Animation

Snoring and sleep apnea.In normal breathing, air enters the nostrils and goes through the throat and the tracheato the lungs. In people who snore this airway is partiallyobstructed by excess tissue of the throat, such as large tonsils, large soft palate ortongue. Another common cause of obstruction is the dropping of the tongue into the throatdue to over relaxation of tongue muscles during sleep. Air currents competing throughnarrow spaces in the throat cause the soft palate essentially a piece of soft tissuehanging in the throat to vibrate. This vibration is the source of the noise we hear when someoneis snoring.

Sleep apnea happens when the airway is completelyobstructed, no air can go through and the person stops breathing. This cessation ofbreathing triggers the brain to respond by waking up the person just enough to take abreath. This repeats itself again and again during the course of the night and may resultin sleep deprivation. Snoring and mild sleep apnea may be treatedwith a mandibular advancement device. This device is designed to move the lower jaw andthe tongue slightly forward and thus making the space in the back of the throat larger.

Sleep Apnea and Hypertension Sleep Apnea Thousand Oaks Malibu Westlake Village Ronald Popper

When a patient stops breathing, the oxygen level drops. In an effort to increase oxygen levels, blood vessels constrict, thereby increasing blood pressure and blood flow and oxygen to the brain and the heart. In addition, when a sudden arousal from sleep occurs, there is a release of adrenaline and other mediators that, over time, will narrow and stiffen blood vessels

thus leading to high blood pressure. Successfully treating obstructivesleep apnea can reverse these changes and result in lowering the blood pressure. If you suffer from high blood pressure and a sleep disorder such as Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, the two conditions may be related. Hello, I'm Ronald Popper. Thank you for watching.

If you or a loved one needs moreinformation on sleep disorders please visit our web site at sleepmd4u where you'll find more tutorials in this series as well as our white paper on obstructive sleep apnea that is free for you to download. For a direct consultation you canreach us through our web site or by calling the number on your screen. Always remember,

sleep well tonight for a better day tomorrow.

Pulmonary hypertension diagnosis

So, threading a catheter directly into the heartmight be the most direct way, the gold standard, of measuringpulmonary hypertension, but there are certainlyother ways we can do it. So, if we think about the relationship of the heart and lungs inthe cardiovascular system, we have the heart here, and the lungs, the next step in where the blood is going,

so here we have our lungs. In blood, or deoxygenated blood, well, first let's draw some chambers. We have four chambers, two on top, and two on the bottom. It's from this right ventricle that we get deoxygenatedblue blood into the lungs. Remember that everything's flipped,

like the person isstanding in front of you, so this is the right,and this is the left. So, blood goes from the rightventricle into the lungs, and then back over into the left atrium. It's gonna be oxygenated red blood. So given this relationship, if we have hypertension in the lungs, that backs up into the right ventricle,

and then, not putting as muchforward into the left atrium, then, another way of evaluating the heart can tell us about pulmonary hypertension. And this is a task we call echocardiogram, usually just echo for short. So, echocardiogram. This test is basicallyputting an ultrasound probe over the heart in different directions,

and just looking at howthe chambers in a different compartment of the heart are working. So, for our purposes ofpulmonary hypertension test, the echocardiogram can showus the right ventricle. The flow going on in there,how hard it's working, will give us a clue ofpulmonary hypertension. We can also see the left atrium, see how much blood it's receiving.

So this is a very powerful diagnostic tool in pulmonary hypertension, is to look at how theheart is functioning. But an added bonus, isthat, since we can see ALL parts of the heart, we canalso see the left ventricle, and remember that, if theleft ventricle has a problem pushing blood forward,then the backup can be a cause of pulmonary hypertension.

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