Obstructive Sleep Apnea versus Central Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is when the airwaybecomes narrowed or obstructed and you're making the effort to breathe but we do notsee any flow in air movement coming from your nose or mouth. Where central sleep apnea occurswhere your brain forgets to tell your body to breathe. If we're looking at it from avery simplistic term and so we do not see the drive to breathe. So the first step isto come into the and be seen by one of our physicians in the sleep medicine .We'll go through a questionnaire and try to determine what risk factors we think you havefor sleep apnea such as obesity, snoring, daytime sleepiness and then if we think thatyou have a high risk for meeting those criteria
then we would set you up for a sleep studyeither in your home to do an overnight sleep study or in our laboratory, depending on yoursituation. The CPAP can be used to treat both conditions and, in some patients, that isenough. However, there are some patients that have more complex types of central sleep apneathat require more complicated types of machines to treat that condition. Obstructive sleepapnea actually has been linked to a lot of other problems such as high blood pressureand then, you know, difficulty functioning during the day. If it goes untreated for along period of time there's an increased risk of early heart problems and those types ofthings.
What would happen if you didnt sleep Claudia Aguirre
In 1965, 17yearold high school student,Randy Gardner stayed award for 264 hours. That's 11 days to see howhe'd cope without sleep. On the second day, his eyes stopped focusing. Next, he lost the abilityto identify objects by touch. By day three, Gardner was moodyand uncoordinated. At the end of the experiment,he was struggling to concentrate, had trouble with shortterm memory,
became paranoid, and started hallucinating. Although Gardner recovered withoutlongterm psychological or physical damage, for others, losing shuteye can resultin hormonal imbalance, illness, and, in extreme cases, death. We're only beginning to understandwhy we sleep to begin with,
but we do know it's essential. Adults need seven to eight hoursof sleep a night, and adolescents need about ten. We grow sleepy due to signalsfrom our body telling our brain we are tired, and signals from the environmenttelling us it's dark outside. The rise in sleepinducing chemicals, like adenosine and melatonin,
send us into a light doze that grows deeper, making our breathing and heart rate slow down and our muscles relax. This nonREM sleep is when DNA is repaired and our bodies replenish themselvesfor the day ahead. In the United States, it's estimated that 30% of adultsand 66% of adolescents are regularly sleepdeprived.
This isn't just a minor inconvenience. Staying awake can cause serious bodily harm. When we lose sleep, learning, memory, mood, and reaction time are affected. Sleeplessness may also cause inflammation,
halluciations, high blood pressure, and it's even been linkedto diabetes and obesity. In 2014, a devoted soccer fan died after staying awake for 48 hours to watch the World Cup. While his untimely death was due to a stroke, studies show that chronically sleepingfewer than six hours a night increases stroke risk by four and half times
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
MUSIC Obstructive sleep apnea. 30 million Americans may sufferfrom obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. It is more common thanadult diabetes and asthma, affecting 24% of men and 9% of women between the agesof 30 to 60 years of age. OSA is even more commonin overweight people and
persons older than60 years of age. It is a major risk factor for the development ofcardiovascular disease. Studies show that 80%of difficult to control hypertension, 50% ofcongestive heart failure, and 60% of strokes are relatedto undiagnosed OSA. Apnea means without breath, ifyou have obstructed sleep apnea you literally stop breathingwhile you're asleep.
The apnea can last fora few seconds to a minute or more, as many as 100 oftimes during the night. Forms of sleep apnea includeobstructive, central and mixed with obstructivebeing the most common type. OSA prevents you from reachingdeep stages of sleep, which the body needs to rest andreplenish itself. Causes ofObstructive Sleep Apnea. Even though the exact causeof OSA remains unclear,
the sleep disorderfollows a pattern. During the day muscles keepthe airway passages wide open. When a person withOSA falls asleep, these muscles relax to a pointwhere the airway collapses and causes a breathing pause. These breathing pauses occurbecause of a blockage in the upper airway. Usually when the soft tissuein the upper airway or
rear of the throat collapses. When the airway closes,breathing stops and the sleeper wakes upto open the airway. The sleeper thenreturns to sleep and the breathing pauseoccurs again. This pattern is repeated untilyou wake up for the day. Symptoms ofObstructive Sleep Apnea. OSA is most commonlyseen in overweight
people with loud snoring,breathing pauses, usually noticed by the bedpartner, daytime sleepiness, thrashing around in bed,morning headaches, a dry mouth in the morning, andgasping for breath at night. Loud snoring and daytime sleepiness are the mostcommon of these complaints. Other symptoms of OSAinclude memory problems, as well as difficultyconcentrating and thinking.